Impact of an adventure geology STEM camp on outdoor self-efficacy
Robert C. Burns 1 * , Lauren Janowicz 2 , Dave Smaldone 1 , Chad Pierskalla 1 , Jasmine Cardozo Moreira 3
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1 West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA2 Farmington Hills Recreation, Farmington Hills, MI, USA3 Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, Ponta Grossa, PR, BRAZIL* Corresponding Author


Little research has sought to understand programs incorporating outdoor adventure recreation and STEM, or adventure STEM. An eight-day residential outdoor camp combining adventure activities with experiential education and geology-focused informal learning opportunities was developed and delivered to adolescents. The purpose of this exploratory study was to understand the impacts of this adventure STEM camp on adolescents perceived outdoor recreation self-efficacy (ORSE). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 youth participants and content analysis was used to analyze the results. Experiential education theory and self-efficacy theory informed the curriculum design, as well as the interview questions. Results indicated there was a change in ORSE beliefs and that campers had unique, yet similar, experiences. These experiences aligned with Bandura’s (1977) main sources of self-efficacy (SE) and the physiological processes through which SE beliefs are formed. Results indicated strategically adding more camp opportunities related to mastery experiences, reflection, and coping could further improve outcomes.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

INTERDISCIP J ENV SCI ED, Volume 19, Issue 4, 2023, Article No: e2315

Publication date: 25 Sep 2023

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