This study investigated the secondary school students’ conception of ecological concepts, based on wetland ecosystem. The guiding question was ‘What is grade 11 students’ conception of ecological concepts in association with Koro-Koro wetland?’. Thirty-one Grade 11 students were assessed for their understanding, within the Driving-Pressure-State-Impacts-Response (DPSIR) framework. A questionnaire was administered to establish the students’ conceptions. The findings revealed that students’ understanding of their local wetland was relatively better in wetland fauna, and limited in relation to plant diversity, ecosystem energy flow and conceptualization of an ecosystem. Many students could not relate what they learnt in class to their local environment. It is recommended that future studies be directed towards investigating teaching strategies that can effectively enhance students’ scientific understanding of local wetlands.
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