Keyword: STEM disciplines
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Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2020, 16(3), e2217, https://doi.org/10.29333/ijese/8336
ABSTRACT: This literature review aims to identify common theme in STEM education and to find out the scope of STEM education from previous studies that would provide information to researchers as well as the stakeholders on how they should focus on the implementation of STEM education. The author creates the research questions, “What are the common themes in STEM education?” and “What are scopes in STEM education that can cover the common themes based on the literature reviews?”. The literature search in electronic databases was conducted through the Education Resources Information Center, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar using the varieties of Keyword such as “STEM education”, “STEM Implementation”, “STEM definitions”, “Instruction”, “Curriculum”, “Major”, “Career”. The author concludes that the definitions of STEM education depend on the stakeholders in the implementation. Four key definitions and three scopes that cover those key definitions based on literature reviews are found and discussed.