Research Article

Relationships among Environmental Literacy, Locus of Control, and Future Orientation of STEM Students in the Philippines

Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2021, 17(4), e2250,
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This study reports on the status and correlations among environmental literacy (EL), locus of control (LOC), and future orientation (FO) of STEM students (N = 512). The EL results showed a low rate of students’ Environmental Knowledge but high Environmental Skills. The LOC results revealed that students believed that they could best create environmental impacts through recycling yet least by advocating on the environment. They were also more inclined to considering distant outcomes or consequences of their actions rather than focusing on their immediate needs. The STEM students’ academic background, convenience, and personal benefit among others might have contributed to correlation results of EL, LOC, and FO reported in this study. It is suggested that ample opportunities be given to students to improve their EL. This may include going beyond environmental theories and engaging students in authentic experiences to provide them with active roles in learning environmental topics. Moreover, these topics should not only be consistently integrated among the fields of sciences but also in other subjects making them interdisciplinary, meaningful, and relatable.


environmental literacy environmental locus of control future orientation stem students gender difference in stem environmental education


Gatan, P. R. G., Yangco, R., & Monterola, S. L. (2021). Relationships among Environmental Literacy, Locus of Control, and Future Orientation of STEM Students in the Philippines. Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 17(4), e2250.
Gatan, P. R. G., Yangco, R., and Monterola, S. L. (2021). Relationships among Environmental Literacy, Locus of Control, and Future Orientation of STEM Students in the Philippines. Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 17(4), e2250.
Gatan PRG, Yangco R, Monterola SL. Relationships among Environmental Literacy, Locus of Control, and Future Orientation of STEM Students in the Philippines. INTERDISCIP J ENV SCI ED. 2021;17(4):e2250.
Gatan PRG, Yangco R, Monterola SL. Relationships among Environmental Literacy, Locus of Control, and Future Orientation of STEM Students in the Philippines. INTERDISCIP J ENV SCI ED. 2021;17(4), e2250.
Gatan, Princes Raymunda Guzman, Rosanelia Yangco, and Sheryl Lyn Monterola. "Relationships among Environmental Literacy, Locus of Control, and Future Orientation of STEM Students in the Philippines". Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education 2021 17 no. 4 (2021): e2250.
Gatan, Princes Raymunda Guzman et al. "Relationships among Environmental Literacy, Locus of Control, and Future Orientation of STEM Students in the Philippines". Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, vol. 17, no. 4, 2021, e2250.


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