Research Article

A Gender-based Investigation of Indian Senior Secondary Students’ Misconceptions about Plant Reproduction through Concept Inventory

Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2022, 18(4), e2287,
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The central objective of this study was to unveil the misconceptions and their sources through the responses of Indian senior secondary (n=102; 54 boys and 48 girls) students about plant reproduction. A concept inventory with correct and incorrect statements was designed to elicit the misconceptions among class XII students. A semi-structured interview of selected students followed this exercise to report the sources of misconceptions from students’ perspectives. Descriptive statistics like mean and percentages determined the extent of misconceptions through frequencies of incorrect responses–overall, 40.392% of students bore misconceptions in this sub-concept with statements like “no difference between vegetative propagation and vegetative reproduction” getting a higher frequency of incorrect responses. Gender-based differences were investigated through inferential statistics like Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests, more misconceptions were observed in boys than girls in plant reproduction. Qualitative analysis of the interview responses revealed the ambiguities in everyday classroom transactions and textbook explanations as to the major sources behind misconceptions. The study concluded with suggestive measures–and possible pedagogical tools–to help teachers identify and eradicate student misconceptions.


concept inventory gender misconceptions plant reproduction senior secondary students


Roy, A., & Mohapatra, A. K. (2022). A Gender-based Investigation of Indian Senior Secondary Students’ Misconceptions about Plant Reproduction through Concept Inventory. Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 18(4), e2287.
Roy, A., and Mohapatra, A. K. (2022). A Gender-based Investigation of Indian Senior Secondary Students’ Misconceptions about Plant Reproduction through Concept Inventory. Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 18(4), e2287.
Roy A, Mohapatra AK. A Gender-based Investigation of Indian Senior Secondary Students’ Misconceptions about Plant Reproduction through Concept Inventory. INTERDISCIP J ENV SCI ED. 2022;18(4):e2287.
Roy A, Mohapatra AK. A Gender-based Investigation of Indian Senior Secondary Students’ Misconceptions about Plant Reproduction through Concept Inventory. INTERDISCIP J ENV SCI ED. 2022;18(4), e2287.
Roy, Anirban, and Animesh Kumar Mohapatra. "A Gender-based Investigation of Indian Senior Secondary Students’ Misconceptions about Plant Reproduction through Concept Inventory". Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education 2022 18 no. 4 (2022): e2287.
Roy, Anirban et al. "A Gender-based Investigation of Indian Senior Secondary Students’ Misconceptions about Plant Reproduction through Concept Inventory". Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, vol. 18, no. 4, 2022, e2287.


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